Laparoscopy or laparoscopic surgery is a surgical technique that is performed through small incisions, using the assistance of a video camera that allows the medical team see the patient in the surgical field and operate in it. Is called minimally invasive techniques such as avoiding large scalpel cuts required by conventional open surgery or possible, therefore, a post-operative period much faster and more comfortable.
Laparoscopic surgery is performed through a video camera that is inserted into the body through an incision, this compact camera has a cold light source illuminating the surgical field within the body.
The laparoscopic equipment in the operating room with high-resolution monitors where the surgeon and his team can see the images produced by the video camera in a larger size. .
The applications of laparoscopy are diverse and its scope is expanding every day for the benefits already mentioned. It can be used in abdominal surgery, joint, gynecological, thoracic, and so on. In the case of abdominal laparoscopic surgery, for example, it is necessary to perform other small incisions where fine instruments are introduced with which the surgeon makes the intervention. Instruments are generally used in traditional intervention, such as tweezers, scissors, retractors, sutures, etc., which have a longer and are extremely thin in order to be comfortably maneuvered by small holes.
One of its most frequent uses laparoscopic cholecystectomy is, ie the operation that removes the gallbladder. About 85% are performed laparoscopically today. A percentage of patients who suffer from reflux esophagitis and hiatal hernia should undergo surgery. One of the most effective surgical techniques is the Nissen, which is also performed by laparoscopic method. The ultimate control of obesity, by placing an adjustable band that compresses the stomach to reduce its capacity, or gastric bypass, it is also possible through laparoscopic surgery.
When a picture is of gravity, with the character of a medical emergency requiring prompt surgical intervention is little we can ask and decide on what career we intervene and under what conditions. But in many cases, a chronic or slowly developing leads to a scheduled operation, we can take other steps with the possibility of additional security.
Against pain laparoscopy
There are ways to avoid severe pain after an operation. Learning to control pain can help us have less discomfort and heal faster. To feel less pain, we can begin to regain strength and move faster. We can also improve the results of the operation, because people feel less pain seem to recover better after surgery.
Both drug treatments as those that do not use help prevent and manage pain effectively. It is important to know the most common methods to control pain and the doctor decide together what methods are best in each case. The patient's cooperation and interaction is very important, since it is the only person who knows how much pain you feel and how it does.