History and origin of Laparoscopy
Since 1929 when Heinz Kalk, publishes the first 100 laparoscopic explorations completed in 1951 with sales of more than 2000 studies with zero mortality, the pioneers of laparoscopic surgery as Ruddok introducer of laparoscopic surgery in the U.S. confirms the interest of what he calls peritoneoscopy for pathological studies and cytological biopsies taken.
Janos Veress needle designs and perfects the same name, applied for the creation of pneumoperitoneum in laparoscopic surgery today.
Kurt Semm, a German by birth, which in addition is an engineer by profession gynecologist vocation, contributes in a decisive way to the development of laparoscopic surgery in the world, solve some problems such as abdominal gas pressure invents, mounting the cold light which is the precursor of fiber optic cable currently in use, the suction irrigation system is also of his invention, as well as technical development and perfection of extracorporeal knotting.
In the year 1982 performed the first laparoscopic appendectomy, with the teacher who teaches his techniques in Europe and America. Prof. Semm attended and actively participated in the First Congress of the Spanish Society of Laparoscopic Surgery held in Marbella in 2001. He is a member of honor of the Spanish Society of Laparoscopic Surgery (Secla) since 2002.
The Dutchman Henk de Kok, moving from diagnostic laparoscopy to perform minor operations, as inventor of a technique of laparoscopic appendectomy, the results are published in the years 1977 and 1983 and in 1992.
Hasson trocar is designed by its author MHHasson in 1971, a trocar is provided with a sheath-shaped stopper that prevents the air outlet of pneumoperitoneum. Currently used in full force.
Eric Muhe, of German origin, is interested in the gallbladder surgery, laparoscopy designs where the tube is of greater caliber and indirect vision and equipped with valves that prevent loss of pneumoperitoneum.This author in 1985 performed the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the world, continuing to publish his technical sore carrying about a hundred operations.
Work with experimental surgery developed by Argentine Aldo Kleiman found no echo in the surgical community in South America, for them, "the gallbladder can not be removed through a tube"
Phillipe Mouret with laparoscopic exploration in patients with abdominal pain, discover that they can apply therapeutic gestures, and in 1972 addresses a small bowel obstruction, followed by an appendectomy assisted mini laparotomy. In your experience with laparoscopic exploratory surgery discovered that the gallbladder may be removed by laparoscopy, making his first laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 1987.
Working together with Mouret, allows Francois Dubois, develop new techniques such as vagotomy in the treatment of ulcer in 1989, apart from continue to review the experience of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the early years along with other surgeons.
Jacques Perissat tested lithotripsy of gallstones, prior to extraction. It is a pioneer in laparoscopic surgery in France.
The surgery video equipment and video cameras available instruments, laparoscopic surgery easier and Mc Kerman American surgeon performed the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy and about the same time (1988) with Douglas Olsen Reddick operate the first cases of gallbladder surgery laparoscopically.
In the month of Februarys 1990 Dr Vincent's Hospital San Carlos in Madrid the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed in Spain. The first publication of the results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Spain were accepted for publication in July 1991 and published in the Journal of Surgery Spanish in the month of January, 1992.
The authors Jacobs and Plasencia Americans of Hispanic origin, published the first cases of laparoscopic colon resection in 1991.
Some information takes from www.laparoscopia.org